Mehar - Dower Meaning in Urdu - What is Mahr in Islam?
Mehar – What is Dower Meaning in Urdu? What is Mahr in Islam? How much Mehar (Dower Money) is legal in Pakistan? Our divorce & Family Lawyers in Karachi & Islamabad receive several such inquiries on daily basis. We shall try to elaborate on these terms in detail.
In Islamic marriages, the groom must pay the bride money or goods as part of a mahr (payment also takes place under certain conditions). Money is often used as the mahr, but it can also be jewelry, home goods, furniture, home, or land agreed upon by the bride. The mahr is usually stipulated in the marriage contract signed upon marriage. The primary responsibilities of both partners in an Islamic marriage are clearly defined, and the rules as to how to earn and spend wealth are accordingly set forth.
Islam considers marriage, or nikah, as a blessed union that has a few essential components without which it cannot be considered complete. One of them is the payment of the mahr or dower.
Muslims are required to pay their wives the mahr because Allah commands them to do so “happily” in the Quran, where it is called “fareedah”
Types of Mehar in Islam:
There are two types of Mahr in Islam:
- Muqaddam (Moajjal or Prompt)
- Muakhar (Mawwajjal or Deferred or Payable on Demand)
After the wedding ceremony, the Muqaddam (Moajjal or Prompt) Mahr should be given and the Muakhar (Mawwajjal or Deferred or Payable on Demand) should be given based on the date agreed upon by the couple. Muqaddam Mahr considered this to be an important dower payment. A husband cannot deprive a woman of her Mahr rights by himself as Mahr is an Islamic fundamental right. Due to religious requirements, the Mahr should be paid from the husband’s estate or wealth upon the death of the husband. Mahr can be of any form, whether money or jewelry such as gold, silver, cash, clothes, estates, appliances, etc.
Significance of Mehar in Islam:
The bride keeps Mahr as payment for her wedding. It is for this reason that if the girl owns nothing (gold or property), she will have something to hold her rights in. She will then return the Mahr to him and obtain a divorce or Khula if she later decides to divorce. In most cases, the wife can keep the Mahr if a divorce occurs for ordinary reasons.
A financial arrangement must be negotiated between the Muslim groom and the bride before the wedding takes place.
How much Mehar is legal and what are its conditions?
As long as the amount of dower specified in the marriage deed has been paid to the wife upon consummation of the marriage or the death of the husband, the entire amount of Mahr will be paid to her. Observations have shown that few husbands intentionally give a low amount of dower, even when they are in good financial standing. Women are found to be unable to maintain themselves because the dower amount is so low. Women are therefore unable to sustain themselves. A reasonable dower has been established as a solution to this problem. In order to ensure that the amount of dower won’t be bound by the marriage deed, the legislature was given control of the amount of dower.
Wife’s right of Receiving Mahr
It is strictly limited in Islam that no one is allowed to take it from the wife, whether her parents or husband, without her consent or permission. Only the wife has the right to take, keep or utilize the Mehar. Mehar is her property if she receives a profit from it, will also be hers, and she will be the only owner of it. The wife will receive half the amount if the divorce occurs before Rukhsati. Islamic nikah can not be solemnized without the determination of Mehar. “Mahr” is used in Islamic terminology to indicate affection and honor toward his wife, which means to win the heart of his wife with the love of a gift.
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