What is the meaning of Nikah or Nikkah?nikah (or Nikkah) is the Nikah marriage ceremony that occurs between a Muslim man and Muslim/Christian/Jew woman, combining their lives as partners going forward. It is permitted by Islamic Shari’a for a Muslim man to solemnize Nikah (Nikkah) with a Christian or a Jewish girl/woman without the need for her to convert to Islam at any time. But a Muslim girl/woman cannot solemnize Nikah (Nikkah) with anyone other than a Muslim. Among a male and a female partners, the Nikah (Nikkah) is a personal sacred contract as well as a social announcement of such a contract. Getting married is said to “complete half of somebody's deen (the way of life)” and is an act that is strongly encouraged by Qur'an and Sunnah. "And one of His signs is that He has created for you, spouses from amongst yourselves so that you might take wellbeing in them and He has placed between you, love and mercy. In this, there is a solid evidence for the people who prudently think." - [Al-Qur'an: Surah 30, Verse 21] The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: “Marriage is my way (Sunnah). Whosoever keeps himself or herself away from it, he/she is not from us.” - [Sahih-Al-Bukhari]
Steps to Getting Married in IslamThe sections of the Nikah (Nikkah) Islamic festival are as follows:
Proposal & Consideration
This is the first step in a Muslim marriage. Usually, family elders seek out a suitable mate for their children through friends, family members, or marriage counselors. The marriage proposal is sent to the bride or to the groom's parents. Alternatively, the young man can approach the father or guardian of the woman he wishes to marry and ask for his hand.
"A woman can get married for 4 reasons: by her wealth, her family status, her beauty and her love of religion, blessed are those who marry her because of her respect." - [Sahih-al-Bukhari & Sahih-al-Muslim]
Note: Mixing of two “Non-Mahram” or "dating" is not allowed before Nikah (Nikkah). The bride and groom are allowed to meet and speak, before Nikah (Nikkah), in a controlled environment in the presence of a Mahram (father / brother / guardian).
Permission or Consent
The party to the proposal will then accept the proposal after obtaining the consent of the man / woman who is to marry. This is a very important step as there can be no progress without permission. Any conditions / conditions of marriage must be agreed upon before proceeding again (e.g. emigration after marriage, etc.)
Then comes Nikah (Nikkah), which is a real wedding ceremony. There are a few things that are relevant to Nikah (Nikkah)'s performance.
- Mahr: The groom should give the bride a "mahr", wedding gift or dower. It could be in the form of money, jewelry, or other valuables, or a simple act. There is no defined value or meaning of mahr, depending on the different people and their cultures. Mahr can be paid in advance, partially in advance and partially deferred, or deferred but payable on demand.
Sahl bin Sad (rali) narrated that the Prophet (pbuh) said to a man, "Shada, or (with the equivalent of Mahr) with an iron ring." - [Sahih-al-Bukhari]
- Ijab-o-Qubool: Then comes "Ijab" expressing the determination of marriage and acceptance of "qubool" (Accept) offer. Qubool (Accept) is usually given by wali or yhe Vakil on behalf of the bride. A written document (Nikah Nama) and signed by the both, bride, groom, and two well-known witnesses.
- Khutbah: The Nikah Khawan/Imam (or other Muslim Cleric) will then address the people gathered at the Nikah (Nikkah) ceremony with the bride and groom on the sermon, usually on Muslim weddings and on the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).
When the Nikah (Nikkah) is over, a wedding feast called "Walima or Valima" is performed by the groom’s side. One of the main purposes of Walima is to inform the public that marriage exists between two people, this is important as secret marriages are discouraged and marriage is said to be only valid if informed.
Another purpose of Waleema is to celebrate with friends, family and loved ones. It is also very important that poor people in the community are invited to a party with everyone else. It is better if this ceremony is not a waste or a waste, as the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) said:
"Most sacred Nikah (Nikkah) is the one which is low cost." - [Al-Bayhaqi]
Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) also said: “The worst nourishment for a marriage ceremony (Walima) is where the rich people are called for and the poor are not invited. He added that “he who rejects the invitation of Walima (feast) does not obey Allah and His Messenger (PBUH).”- [Sahih-al-Bukhari]
Explained by Anas: "The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) did not make a better wedding feast (Walima) at the time of the marriage of any of his wives than the one he gave when he married Zainab, and that feast had one sheep." - [Sahih-al-Bukhari]
Getting Married? - Contact RIGHT LAW ASSOCIATES For Nikah (Nikkah) Services.
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